August 5,1911

            Demopolis, Ala., Aug. 4 -A lynch mob unable to locate Richard Verge, negro, wanted in connection with the slaying of Vernon Tutt, a prominent planter of these parts, today lynched Verge's brother, Sam, instead.



August 15, 1911

            Coatesville, Pa., Aug. 14 -Zachariah Walker, a negro desperado, was carried on a cot from the hospital here last night and burned to a crisp by a frenzied mob of men and boys on a fire which they ignited about a half mile from town.
            Walker had been cornered in a cherry tree yesterday by a sheriff's posse which suspected him of the murder of Edgar Rice, a special policeman at the Worth Iron Mills.
            When he was cornered, Walker shot himself in the mouth, falling from the tree. The posse then brought him to the hospital.
            News of the murder of Rice, who was very popular among the people here, spread rapidly. There had been no other crimes committed in this neighborhood that had been blamed on negroes and talk of lynching fell on willing ears.
            The main street of Coatesville is usually filled with people from the surrounding towns Sunday nights and a crowd soon gathered at the hospital. As the crowd increased the talk of lynching spread and finally a masked man mounted the steps of the hospital and shouted:
            "Men of Coatesville, will you let a drunken negro do up such a white mans as Rice?"
            The orderly crowd was instantly transformed into a riotous mob. The attack on the hospital was then made. There wee only the superintendent, four nurses and a policeman in the institution at the time and a defense of the negro was impossible.
            The crowd swarmed into the place through smashed doors and windows and before most of the mob knew it, the wounded and frightened negro was being taken out of the building screaming piteously. Still lying on the cot, he was carried through the streets and out of the city to the Newland farm.
            He had been tied to the bed with ropes and as the crowd tore fence rails and gathered wood and other inflammables, Walker writhed on his cot and tugged at his bonds, but could not free himself.
            All the leaders in the crowd wore masks made of handkerchiefs tied around their faces up to the eyes. The carried on their work quickly and after piling up the rubbish place the cot, with its shuddering victim on it, over the pile.
            A dozen matches, it seemed, were simultaneously applied to the pyre and in an instant the negro was enveloped in the flames. The fire burned the ropes that held him and he made a dash for liberty. Walker reached a fence and was about to climb it when stalwart hands seized him and dragged him back to this funeral pyre.
            As he was thrust back into the flames, he shrieked, "Don't give me a crooked deal because I ain't white."
            Only vile oaths greet his plea.



November 13, 1911


            Augusta, Ga., Nov. 11 -A special from Anderson, S.C., says:
            What was unquestionably the most sensational gubernatorial address ever delivered by a man holding that office in South Carolina, came from Gov. Cole L. Blease, who spoke here today to a thousand people in compliance with an invitation.
            Gov. Blease devoted considerable time to the recent lynching of a negro at Honea Path, when the mob was led by Representative Josh Ashley, and was rather commendatory in his expressions. He said he had been informed by a telegram from the sheriff of the situation and had in turn wired the sheriff instructions, sending two telegrams.
            "The telegram to Sheriff King," said the Governor, "said: 'Keep in touch with the Honea Path affair and send me a report tomorrow morning telling me what is going on.'
            "Sheriff King received the telegram, and he understood its meaning. Next morning I received his report, and it was exactly what I expected. As a matter of fact, if it had been any different I would have been greatly disappointed."
            The Governor went on to say that rather than use the power of his office in deterring white men from "punishing that nigger brute" he would have "resigned the office and come to Hona Path and led the mob myself."



January 23, 1912

            Hamilton, Ga., Jan. 23-A mob of 100 men tonight broke into the Harris County jail, overpowered Jailor E. M. Robinson and took four negroes, three men and one woman out and hung them to trees one mile from town.
            They then riddled the bodies with bullets. It is estimated that 300 shots were fired.
            Last Sunday, while Norman Hadley, a well-to-do young married farmer, was sitting in his home, a shot was fired through the window and he fell dead.
            That afternoon four negro tenants, Belle Hathaway, John Moore, Eugene Hamming and "Dusty" Cruthfield, were arrested, charged with the crime.
            Sheriff Hadley, who is an uncle of the dead man, feared no lynching and tonight he is in Columbus. Public sentiment, however, had been crystallizing here all day to day and by nightfall there were a great many country people in Hamilton.
            Their number was constantly augmented and by 9 o'clock fully 100 men had congregated in front of the court house in which the jail is located. Despite the pleas of Jailer Robinson they advanced on the calaboose and, throwing him to one side, broke the doors down. The terrified negroes were hustled out at the point of guns and marched outside the town. There they were quickly strung up.
            Immediately their writhing bodies became silhouetted against the sky, revolvers and rifles blazed forth and fully 300 shots were fired before the mob dispersed.
            The negroes protested their innocence to the last, but the mob would have none of it.


April 10, 1912

            Shreveport, La., April 9 -Tom Miles, a Negro, aged 29, was hanged to a tree here and his body filled with bullets early today. He had been tried in police court yesterday on a charge of writing insulting notes to a white girl, employed in a department store, but was acquitted for lack of proof.




September 13, 1912

            Princeton, W.Va., Sept. 7 -The authorities now believe that a mistake was made in lynching Walter Johnston, a colored man, last night.
            A statement was issued today by Mayor Bennington, Sheriff Ellison, Judge Maynard and Prosecuting Attorney J. O. Pendleton stating that there is plenty of evidence that Walter Johnston did not commit the crime for which he was lynched.
            A mob lynched Johnston last, allegedly for attacking Nite White, 14-year-old daughter of a railroad man. Today's statement said that Johnston fell far in dress and physical appearance of the man described by the girl.



November 11, 1912


            Wetumpka, Ala., Nov. 10-One negro is killed and a posse of infuriated citizens in the neighborhood of Floyd, Elmore County, are hunting a second negro with the aid of the State penitentiary dogs tonight. The two negroes earlier in the day killed John Christizberg, an Elmore County farmer, and later one of them, Berney, killed Claude Kidd, one of his pursuers.
            It is learned here that Mr. Christizberg's two daughters were on their way to church when they met the two negroes, driving in an opposite direction. The young women drove as far to the side of the road as possible, it was reported. But the wheels of the vehicle driven by the negroes locked those of the Misses Christzberg's buggy, causing the horse to run away, that was reported too.
            A party of young men passing by, said that they repaired the harness, and took the two young women to church, and returned to punish the two negroes. The party of young men passing by also said that they informed Mr. Christzberg, the father of the two daughters whose buggy had been wrecked. They said after they told Mr. Christizberg what happened he joined them in the pursuit of the negroes.
            Continuing they contented, overtaking two Negroes in advance of his party, Mr. Christizberg attempted to horse whip both, when one of them shot Mr. Christizberg through the body, inflicting serious, if not fatal, wounds. After the shooting the negroes took to the woods, and it was necessary to get the penitentiary dogs to follow.
            A large number of the citizens joined the man hunt. The occupants of a negro cabin stated that the parties sought were not there. Not believing what the negroes said about who was in the cabin, some them went inside and noticed a loft overhead.
            Claude Kidd, one of the pursuers, mounted a rickety table, while some of his companions held it, and with a pole pushed up one of the planks of the loft. As he did so, a pistol shot from the loft rang out and Mr. Kidd fell to the table dead, the ball striking him in the top of the head, coming out under the lower jaw.
            The others who had intruded into the house came out and made the negro owner of the house (cabin) bring Mr. Kidd's body out. They told the negro to go back and tell the negro that did the shooting to come out or they would burn the house down. They were apparently afraid of being shot themselves and knew they had no right to be in the cabin.
            At that point after hearing what had taken place the intruders said that the negro who did the shooting told the owner of the cabin that he refused to come out and he threatened to kill him (the owner) if he came back.
            So as usual, a crowd had gathered. The crowd proceeded to set fire to the cabin, the negro seeing that he would be burned, made a dash for liberty, shooting at the crowd as he ran, they said, fortunately no one was struck. But, the negro was killed, his body being completely riddled with bullets. The second negro made his escape.
            Note: Again two Negroes were accused of a crime that could not be proven. It was a group of young white boys who said that two young black men caused all the problems to include murder. Since, Mr. Christizberg was dead he could not report what happened. It was the word of young white males against two black males, during this time who would the people of all white court believe say to be right? Of course, we all agree it would not have been the Negroes.



February 9, 1913


            Houston, Tex., Feb. 8 -A mob of 1,000 persons conducted a mock trial in the courthouse yard here today, found David Rucker, negro, aged 30, guilty of murdering Mrs. J. C. Williams, and, in the presence of a sheriff and two deputies who were powerless to act, chained him to a still pump in the middle of the yard, soaked his clothes with oil, piled wood about him and burned him alive.
            Rucker was the second negro to die for the murder of Mrs. Williams who was clubbed to death in her home in the daytime Thursday. Friday, a mob hanged a negro named Andrew Williams for the same crime. Williams' innocence has since been established.
            Note: These convictions by unjust and illegal lynch mobs seem to show that any Negro could be found guilty of a crime just to clear the books and keep whites from putting pressure on government to find the guilty party. Therefore, it stands to reason that the authorities were just as guilty as those who actually committed lynchings of Negroes.



February 27, 1913

            Marshall, Tex., Feb. 25 -Two negroes were lynched here last night. A negro named Anderson was hanged by one mob for reasons unknown. Robert Perry was shot to death by another mob which charged him with horse-stealing.


March 13, 1913

            Henderson, N. C., Mar. 12 -Two negroes, a woman and a child, were killed and two negro men probably fatally wounded early today when unidentified persons after pouring kerosene on the home of Joe Perry, a negro living ten miles from this place, set it on fire, and poured a fusillade of bullets into the blazing structure as its occupants attempted to escape. The dead are Joe Perry's wife and her child and the wounded Joe Perry and his brother John. There are no clues. Sheriff Royster has gone to the scene.



June 6, 1913


            Beaumont, Tex., June 6 -Richard Galloway, negro, accused with two others of attacking a party of white men last Saturday, was riddled with bullets today as he left the jail after electing to go free on bail. His two companions have decided to remain in prison pending a hearing.



June 22, 1913

            Americus, Ga.,  June 21 -Four negroes are wounded and one is dead tonight as a result of the shooting today of Chief of Police William C. Barrow. The dead negro, William Redding, is purported to have fired at Chief Barrow as the Chief was attempting to arrest him for intoxication.
            Redding was taken to jail after his altercation with Chief Barrow but was soon seized by a mob of 500 who strung him up to an overhead cable. Shooting at him then began from every direction and four other negroes, all innocent bystanders, were wounded, one of them apparently fatally. Miraculously, no whites were wounded.
            Before the shooting began, Rev. Robert Bivins, pastor of the Furlaw Lawn Baptist Church, pleaded with the leaders to spare the life of the negro. His pleadings lasted during the twenty minutes required to string the body up to the cable, and then yells of the crowd and the shots from many pistols drowned out his voice.




August 9,1913

            Spartanburg, S.C., Aug. 8 -"Gentlemen, I hate to do it, but so help me God, I am going to kill the first man that enters that gate!"
            So spoke Sheriff W. J. White of Spartanburg county today to a mob of his friends and fellow citizens who were trying to lynch a negro prisoner in his charge.
            None of the mob advanced past the gate.



August 12, 1913


            Laurens, S. C., Aug. 12 - Richard Puckett, a young negro charged with attempted criminal assault near here yesterday, was taken from the jail here at 12:30 o'clock this morning by a mob estimated to number 2,000 men, and hanged to a beam of a railway trestle near the Laurens depot.
            Several hundred bullets were then fired into his body, and the mob dispersed, leaving the body hanging to be examined by a coroner's jury today.
            Puckett made a denial of his guilt just before he was strung up by the mob. He was charged with having attacked a young woman who was driving in a buggy along a lonely road near here yesterday morning.
            It is said he dragged her from the buggy, but fled when she called to her two brothers who were following her in another buggy.
            Laurens officers arrested Puckett soon after they had begun the search, but the young woman who had been attacked failed to identify him. However, it is said, blood hounds were then used to fasten guilt on him.



August 21, 1913

            Spartanburg, S.C., Aug. 18 -Three men, Frank Eppley, J. C. Owensby and John Turner were seriously wounded tonight when a mob stormed the county jail in an effort to lynch Will Fair, a negro prisoner, charged with assaulting a young white woman near here today.
            Sheriff White and a deputy, facing the mob alone repeatedly drove them back and with pistol shots when they advanced with battering rams.
            Members of the mob finally returned the fire and in the darkness the three men were struck. They were not fatally wounded but were taken to hospital for attention.
            The young woman was assaulted in a lonely farm house this morning in the absence of her husband.
            Several charges of dynamite were exploded late tonight by the mob in an effort to enter the jail here. After they had blown down a portion of the outer wall they were impressed by the show of strength inside the jail and retired, but threats were made to return later with nitroglycerine which proposed, it was said, to obtain from a railroad construction camp.
            Hundreds of pistol and rifle shots were fired when the dynamite was let off, but so far as can be learned others were injured.
            Gov. Blease was appealed to late tonight to call out the militia to protect Fair. He refused, but announced that he would order a special term of court to try the negro.



September 27,1913

            Spartanburg, S.C., Sept. 20 -Despite the positive statement of a respectable white matron of high intelligence that he had assaulted her, Will Fair, a Negro, was found not guilty this afternoon at a special term of General Sessions Court called for the trial of the case. The jury was out 20 hours.
            The verdict caused no surprise and was quietly received. A few people not entirely familiar with the case were reported to be muttering this evening. Fair was told it might be inadvisable for him to remain in this vicinity. He thought so himself. A position was offered him in a railroad construction camp 300 miles from here. He left for there this evening.
            The acquittal of Fair is a vindication of Sheriff W. J. White, who at the risk of his life, saved the Negro from being lynched. He stood off a large mob who stormed the jail on the night of Fair's arrest and went so far as to blow open the outer gate with dynamite. Hundreds of pistol-shots were fired and three men were wounded. Policeman S. J. Alverson, who alleged to have shot one of the men and who was impelled by the force of public opinion to resign in consequence, has been exonerated by the City Council and today was reinstated on the force.
            People were saying here tonight that Fair's trial and acquittal were epoch-making in South Carolina and made the best argument that has ever been advanced against lynching.
            The woman is believed to have accused Fair in good faith, but to have been laboring under a delusion due to her physical condition. The circumstances surrounding the case did not bear out the woman's statement, although Fair admitted that he passed her house about the time of the alleged assault.
            The jury, it is authentically reported never considered a verdict of guilty. On the ballot six stood for acquittal. The other six wanted to report a mistrial and shift the burden upon another jury. Thus they stood until about 10 minutes before they finally brought in the verdict. Then Judge George W. Gage bade them be men. They filed into their room and soon emerged with the verdict.
            Judge Gage had asked them: "Do you think I may not say anything to help you in arriving at a conclusion in this case?"
            The foreman, Joseph Lee of Landrum, president of a hosiery manufacturing company: replied "We are hopelessly disagreed."
            "It is next to impossible for us in matters of this kind to put away all outside considerations. I speak from my own experience and out of my own heart and my own knowledge. I was raised on a plantation with Negroes and I think I know them as well as any man knows them. I know their weakness and I know our weakness. They are here by a strange providence, but they are here. How our final relationship with them is to be determined no man knows and no man need question himself. If we go to our duty day by day and do justice man by man, the end will come and the God who made us and who made them and who put us here together will bring us safely to some common end.
            "I know that men are almost incapable of weighing a nice balance of truth where the contest is between one race and another race, especially where the one race is charged with the awful crime of assault. I know the awful peril our country women are subject to. I was raised in the country, and I know its duties and its beauties, its glories and its perils, its joys and its sorrows and burdens; but the question for you in this case is: Did this man assault this woman and under all the testimony is it true beyond a reasonable doubt? If it is, it is your duty to declare, it is your duty to say 'Guilty.' If it is not true as you see it, if it is not true beyond a reasonable doubt, then to write a verdict of 'Guilty, in answer to anybody's demand would be to crucify the law, to degrade our courts and to stultify you men. I know there is such a thing as public opinion that drives and whirls men like a sandstorm, but I tell you this: a wave of public opinion in time of excitement is sometimes the most uncertain thing in the world. The only certain thing is the knowledge which points to the truth, and which never errs. If you follow it, you are in the sure path, and if you leave it you are in quagmires all the way."
            Then the jury reported that they found Fair not guilty.



August 25, 1913

            BIRMINGHAM, Ala., Aug. 25 - Deputy Sheriff Dave Kennebrook today reported the lynching of Wilson Gardner, a young negro half-wit who was found Sunday hanging by a belt. Gardner has gone around to the homes of white miners near Kilgore carrying a rope and threatening to hang them. This disturbed the miners who beat the half wit to death before hoisting his corpse to a railroad trestle.



August 28, 1913

            Greenville, Ga., Aug. 27 -Virgil Swanson, the negro lynched near here Monday as the murderer of L. C. Marchman, a wealthy planter, was innocent, as citizens who tried to save the negro from the mob contended. Swanson's innocence was proved today when Walter Brewster, another negro, was arrested and confessed that he killed Marchman in a dispute about rent.



August 28, 1913
            Jennings, La., Aug. 27 -James Comeaux, a negro, was lynched by a mob here early today.  He was taken from his cell in the jail some time after midnight, shot to death and his body left lying at the jail door. Comeaux had been arrested for striking A. W. Joseph, an Italian merchant, who had swept dirt on the negroe's shoes while the latter was passing the Italian's store.




September 4, 1913
            Atlanta, Sept. 1 -Attorney R. G. Dickerson, of Homerville, appeared before the Prison Commission today and made a strong appeal for commutation of the sentence of Lige Lane, a Clinch county negro, from death to life imprisonment. Lane was convicted of criminal assault upon a white woman. The lawyer declared there were grave doubts as to Lane's guilt, and that there was a strong probability of mistaken identification on the part of the woman. The most unusual feature of the plea for commutation was the filing of a petition in behalf of the negro signed by 95 percent of the white women of Homerville.



September 23, 1913

            Louisville, Ky., Sept. 21 -Henry Crosby, a negro, yesterday entered the farm house of Mrs. J. C. Carroll of Parkinsville and asked her whether her husband was home. The woman, frightened by this question, grabbed up her infant and ran to a near by house. Officers searching for Crosby this morning found his body hanging from the limb of a tree.



October 23, 1913

            Monroe, La., Oct. 22 -Warren Eton, a negro, who made an insulting remark to a white woman Monday, was taken from the jail here early this morning by a mob and hanged to a nearby telegraph pole. Two masked men held up the jailer with pistols but other members of the mob made no attempt to conceal their identities.



March 31, 1914

            Muskogee, Okla., Mar. 31 - Marie Scott, a negro woman, was taken from the Wagoner County jail early today and hanged to a telephone pole. 
            A mob of at least a dozen armed men overpowered the jailer, a one-armed man, threw a rope over the screaming woman's head, dragged her out of her cell and strung her up a block from the jail.
            Marie Scott was charged with driving a knife into the heart of Lemuel Peace, a youthful white man who, in company with other young white men, had gone to the negro quarter of Wagoner last Saturday night.



April 30, 1914

            Marshall, Tex., Apr. 29 -Because he is alleged to have hugged and kissed a white girl, daughter of a farmer, Charles Fisher, a negro youth, was recently badly mutilated by a mob near here. According to Sheriff Sanders and County Health Officer Taylor, the mob sheared off the youth's ears, slit his lips and mutilated him in other ways below the belt.



April 30, 1914

            Clovis, N.M.,   Apr. 27 -The brother of the young colored girl who was lynched by a mob of white ruffians near Wagner, Okla., a few weeks ago, passed through this town on his way to Mexico. He gave a pathetic account of the lynching to colored citizens here.
            The young man's sister was but 17 years old and of respectable parents. Two half-drunken white men walked into their home during the absence of the mother and found the girl dressing, locked themselves into her room and criminally assaulted her. Her screams for help were heard by her brother, who , kicking down the door, went to her rescue. In defending his sister, he shot one of the brutes. The other escaped.
            Later in the evening the local authorities, failing to find the brother, arrested the sister, who was taken from jail by a mob at 4 o'clock in the morning and lynched. From his hiding place the brother, who is 21 years old, could hear his sister's cries for help, but he was powerless to aid her.



MAY 8, 1914
            Groveton, Ga., May 7 -Charley Jones, a negro, was taken from two officers near here late last night by a number of white men and lynched. It is said that Jones was suspected of having shop lifted a pair of shoes.




July 1, 1914

            Shaw, Miss., June 30-A member of the posse hunting for Jack Farmer, negro, was accidentally shot and killed by a fellow member of the posse early today. Fred Young mistook James Joly, a fellow posseman, for Farmer as they were both pushing their way through a swamp here where it was believed Farmer was hiding.
            This is the second life sacrificed in the hunt for Farmer, who is wanted for fatally shooting Earl Chase, a leading citizen of this county. The other death was that of Jennie Collins, a negro woman, who was alleged to have assisted Farmer in his flight.



July 15, 1914

            Lake Cormorant, Miss., July 14 -James Bailey, a negro, was hanged today be a mob of about twenty masked men. He had been accused to the theft of three mules.



October 15, 1914

            Angleton, Tex., Oct. 14 -Governor Colquitt today commuted the sentence of negro Jim Durfee, a convicted murderer, from death to life imprisonment. Local citizens, enraged at the action of the chief executive, formed in a mob, secured Durfee from the jailhouse and strung him up until he died of suffocation.



November 26, 1914

            Byhalia, Miss., Nov. 2 -Fred Sullivan, a negro, and his wife, accused of burning a barn on a plantation near Byhalia, were hanged today by a mob which forced a deputy sheriff and his posse to watch the lynching.



December 6, 1914

            Spatanburg, S.C., Dec. 5 -For the crime of crawling under the house of a white citizen, with the intention of stealing chickens, Willie Green, a young Negro, was lynched Thursday night by a mob at Cowards, a rural settlement near here.



December 13, 1914
            Shreveport, La., Dec. 12 -Charred remains of Watkins Lewis, the third negro to die at the hands of mobs as the result of the murder of Charles Hicks, postmaster at Sylvester, La., last week, were found today near Sylvester bound to a tree with coils of wire. The burning of Lewis makes a total of eight lynchings in this parish in the last year, five negroes having been put to death in the last ten days. Tobe Lewis and Monroe Lewis were lynched last week for their alleged part in the Hicks murder.
            Stories here tonight tell of a mob of 200 white men, formed in the outskirts of Sylvester last night. Lewis, cringing with fear, was taken from the jail here, placed in a motor car, and whirled to the mob. Not a word was spoken as the little cavalcade formed, and with the negro in the center marched to a giant tree near the Texas line. Lewis was bound to the trunk. Fallen trees and branches were heaped about him. Before the fire was lighted Lewis repeatedly was asked to confess his part in the crime, or to divulge the hiding place of a large sum of money said to have been stolen from the postmaster's store.

            "I didn't do it," he screamed as the flames leaped about him.
            When the fire enveloped him the mob dispersed. Today the town of Sylvester was quiet.



December 31, 1914

            The number of lynchings in 1914 shows a small increase over that of 1913, being 54, as compared with 48 in 1913 and 64 in 1912. The following table showing the annual number during the last thirty years may be of general interest:

1865..........................................184                  1900...............................................115
1886..........................................138                  1901...............................................130
1887..........................................122                  1902................................................. 96
1888..........................................142                  1903................................................104
1889..........................................176                  1904.................................................. 87
1890..........................................127                  1905.................................................. 60
1891..........................................193                  1906...................................................60
1892..........................................205                  1907....................................................65
1893..........................................205                  1908..................................................100
1894..........................................170                  1909.....................................................87
1895 ..........................................171                 1910.....................................................74
1896..........................................181                  1911......................................................71
1897..........................................106                  1912...................................................  64
1898..........................................127                  1913...................................................... 48
1899..........................................107                  1914........................................................54



February 18, 1915


            Tampa, Fla., Feb. 17 -John Richards, a negro, was lynched by a mob near Sparr, Fla., last night. He is said to have insulted a white women.



February 31, 1915

            Cedar Keys, Fla., Feb. 26 - Young Reed, Negro, of Kissimee, was shot to death by a white mob at Wednesday noon after he had been seen kissing a white woman named Belle Mann with whom he had been keeping company for the past two years.
            Reed was kissing Miss Mann good-bye when he was seen by a group of whit men. The men seized him, beat him unmercifully and placed him in jail. Shortly thereafter a lynching party was formed and Reed was shot to death.
            Local men of the Negro race have sworn to burn down the homes of white men living with colored women to avenge the death of Reed.



April 18, 1915

            Valdosta, Ga., April 17 -Caesar Sheffield, a negro prisoner in the town jail at Lake Park, was taken from the prison last night and shot to death by unknown parties. No trail has been found of the slayers.
            Sheffield was arrested yesterday charged with stealing meat from the smokehouse of Elder B. Herring and put in jail to await trial. The prison was forced open by unknown parties and cries were heard from the negro about 9 o"clock last night. Moses Oppenheim, who went to investigate the cries, was driven back by shots fired in his direction, and was unable to identify the men who were making off with the prisoner. Sheffield's body was found this morning in a field near the railroad station at Lake Park.



September 9, 1915

            Dresden, TN., Sept. 8 -Mallie Wilson, a negro charged with having entered a room occupied by a white woman, was hanged by a mob at Greenfield, Tenn., early Saturday, according to a dispatch from Greenfield.
            The negro was taken from the jail earlier in the night and preparations made to lynch him. The husband of the woman, however, refused to act as executioner and Wilson was returned to jail. Later the mob resembled, took the negro and hanged him.



December 18, 1915

            Columbus, Miss.,  Dec. 17 -Thursday a week ago Cordella Stevenson was found early in the morning hanging to a limb of a tree, without any clothing, dead. She had been hung Wednesday night after a mob had visited her cabin, taken her from her husband and lynched her after they had maltreated her. The body was found about fifty yards north of the Mobile & Ohio R.R., and the thousands and thousands of passengers that came in and out of this city last Thursday morning were horrified at the sight. She was hung there from the night before by a bloodthirsty mob who had gone to her home, snatched her from slumber, and dragged her through the streets without any resistance. They carried her to a far-off spot, did their dirt and then strung her up.
            Several months ago the barn of Gabe Frank, white, was burned. The son of Mrs. Stevenson was suspected of the burning. Although Mrs. Stevenson and her husband Arch are regarded as hard-working people, having worked for the same employer eleven years, their son is regarded as shiftless.
            Mrs. Stevenson was brought to the police station and questioned on the possibility that her son might have set fire to Frank's barn. Mrs. Stevenson said her son had left home several months prior to the burning and she did not know his whereabouts. Convinced of her truthfulness, the police turned her loose and she went home.
            Nothing more was thought of the case until Thursday morning. They had gone to bed early, as usual, and after hearing a knock at the door, according to Arch Stevenson, the woman's husband, who ran all the way in town after the mob had taken his wife. Before he could answer the knock the mob had broken the door down and seized his wife, putting rifles to his head and threatening him if he moved. At the first opportunity he ran 'mid the hail of bullets. After telling his story he left for parts unknown. The mob took the woman about 10 o'clock at night. After that no one knows exactly what happened. The condition of the body showed plainly that she had been mistreated. Sheriff Bell telephoned to Justice of the Peace McKellar to hold an inquest. He was out of town, and didn't return till Thursday night. The body was left hanging in view of the morbid crowd that came to gaze at it till Friday morning, when it was cut down and the inquest held. The jury returned a verdict that she came to death at the hands of persons unknown.
            It was the same old verdict that all southern juries return in the cases of this kind. The United States is sending missionaries to teach the heathen, Ford has gone to good to Europe with his peace party, ministers preach on the good to humanity, but here in the South the same dastardly crimes are committed and no one volunteers to raise his voice against such a crime committed against a member of the race. But retribution comes to all. Belgium robbed the black people of the Congo States of their ivory and rubber and sold for gold the labors of these well-meaning people. If their work was not up to what the Belgians thought it should be, an arm was cut off or some other cruelty imposed. Now Belgium is suffering.  The day of reckoning has come. So will it be whit this country. As they sow, so shall they reap. Today the business men are trying their hardest to get into South America, and the Latin countries are only going to allow them in under certain conditions. Race discrimination and lynchings will find no upholders there. The people there brand the Americans as lynchers, and it will be hard for the Americans to convince them otherwise.



January 3, 1916

            Hartwell, Ga., Jan. 2 -Two negroes were lynched and a negro woman was badly beaten as the result of a remark to a white girl in Anderson County, South Carolina, according to reports received here tonight.
            The three negroes were riding in a buggy when they passed the girl. One of the men made a remark to the white girl, at which she took offense. She reported the encounter to a group of white men who quickly caught up with the blacks, lynched the men, beat the woman and ordered her out of the state.
            Reports concerning the nature of the allegedly insulting remark are conflicting. Officials of Georgia county say that one of the negro men yelled out, "Hello, Sweetheart." The negro woman asserts that all they said was "Hello."



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